Comparing: Financial Plan Vs. Financial Forecast
Aug 16, 2022 By Susan Kelly


Forecasts of an organization's financial health are known as financial projections. Historical data can foretell what will happen to your business shortly. Suppose your company is considering a course of action or making plans based on assumptions about what it thinks will happen shortly. In that case, financial projections can help you assess the pros and cons of that action and the impact it might have on your bottom line. Instead of making guesses about your company's future, these techniques use data to determine the most likely outcomes. Considering these outcomes, the company's future can be charted with the least amount of uncertainty, financially and in terms of risk.

Financial Planning: Explained

Within the context of a larger business plan, the overarching purpose of a financial "plan" is to specify the intended path and outcomes for the company's finances. Managers are frequently probed about the company's outlook for the next 1, 5, and 10 years. The "Plan" plan clarifies the company's financial and operational objectives, thus answering the question. The executive team and supporting structures are developed based on this strategy and the determined goals.The most recent budget or forecast is sometimes referred to as the "plan," which can be more generally defined as the "version of truth" that is most likely to occur.

Forecasting: Explained

The best way to think of a forecast is as a snapshot of future financial information as it is currently understood. Teams making forecasts should investigate potential financial outcomes based on current factors and assumptions. The result paints a picture of the company's trajectory, allowing management to assess whether the status quo projections and budgets need to be modified.

Financial Forecasting Vs. Financial Planning

While both financial planning vs. financial forecasting are concerned with the future, there are important distinctions between the two. Here are the main differences: The key distinctions are as follows:

Estimation Vs. Forecasting

Financial forecasting is making an estimate or projection to plan for and take action toward a desired financial outcome, such as increased revenue or some other measure of financial success.

Measurement Of Profitability Vs. Utilization Of Assets

A reliable financial forecast grounded in realistic, achievable phrases is crucial for any business hoping to thrive. So that they can gauge their success and plan for the future, businesses must maintain tight reins on their working capital and cash flow. For this reason, businesses need to decide how much money they want to bring in and how much it will cost them to do so over a given period. Budgeting documents are where such details can be found.

Updated Data Vs. Guide To Financial Position

As more information about assets and expenses becomes available each year, these projections are updated and refined. Individuals and businesses alike can improve the accuracy of their financial projections by basing their assumptions on the most recent data. Business projections are easier for long-standing corporations than startup companies because the former have more historical data from which to extrapolate their future performance. While forecasting is motivated by reality, planning is driven by ideals.

That's partly because of the gap between what's realistic and what's ideal. Planning one's finances should be based on facts, not hopes. Financial planning is not necessarily wishful thinking but can be aspirational because it represents an organization's aims and purposes. It needs to be grounded in reality, including a variety of data demonstrating progress toward the organization's objectives. What management hopes will occur is the focus of financial planning.

However, forecasting is concerned with what top management expects to occur. It relies on facts, but it also requires a lot of guesswork. Predictions are based on guesses about what may or may not happen. For example, a food and beverage retailer could predict next year's profits and sales with information about consumer preferences for hot beverages like tea and coffee. For the purposes of this forecast, the company may assume that the price of tea and coffee commodities will remain relatively stable, say, within 10% of what they are currently costing.

How To Use Financial Forecasting Vs. Forecast

When preparations for the coming year must be made, make long-term plans that expand upon your short-term forecasts for the coming year and beyond. Potential investors often request to see forecasts before deciding whether or not to put money into a company. A simple way to show them your financial progress and projections for the future is through forecasting. Use projections for tasks like budgeting and business continuity planning, as well as for predicting the outcomes of events for which no historical data exists. Whatever your preferred method of succession planning, projecting, or forecasting.


The financial strategy is a thorough and well-thought-out plan for handling money shortly. As a form of prediction, financial forecasts can be derived from various sources, such as mathematical models. Financial plans and projections are useful for both individuals and businesses.

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